Artificial intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science that focuses on creating intelligent machines that can perform tasks that typically require human intelligence. AI technology enables machines to learn from experience, adjust to new inputs and perform tasks autonomously, without human intervention.
AI systems use a variety of techniques, including machine learning, deep learning, natural language processing, computer vision, and robotics. These technologies enable AI systems to analsze data, recognise patterns, make predictions, and interact with the environment in ways that were previously not possible.
Machine learning, for example, is a type of AI that allows machines to learn from data without being explicitly programmed. This enables machines to improve their performance on a task over time, by analysing and adapting to new data.
Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that uses neural networks with many layers to analyse and recognise complex patterns in data, such as images or speech.
Natural language processing (NLP) is a type of AI that enables machines to understand and interpret human language. This technology is used in applications such as voice assistants and chatbots.
Computer vision is an AI technology that enables machines to interpret and analyze visual data from the environment, such as images and videos.
Overall, AI technology has the potential to transform a wide range of industries, from healthcare and finance to transportation and manufacturing, by automating tasks, improving decision-making, and enhancing efficiency and productivity.